Psychological knowledge in mediation of international conflicts
International conflicts often have their origin not only in controlling important resources, but also in basic psychological factors. The latter may be connected to culture- and world questions, religion, ethnicity, frustration, anger, despair, power, projection, demonization, anxiety, fear, historical injustice, myths, cognitive and mental perspectives, victimization, denial and lack of trust.
To prevent or solve conflicts where psychological factors are central, put large demands on the meditating function. Good knowledge about which psychological factors is particularly important in a conflict-driving perspective is needed.
Furthermore, it demands a very good understanding of the psychological “intensity” in such factors, which means with what force certain factors may influence the involved parties, such as the respective ethniticites where the mediator is involved. Finally, there is a great need of self awareness for the mediator of his/hers own influence, significance, and reactions.
Self awareness and acceptance is necessary when working with individuals or groups who are in affect or conflict. This is in order to prevent that the mediators own fear and uncertainties colors the work at hand. “To the extent that I am safe within myself, may I access all of me as a tool for others”.
The purpose of our education is to give people who mediate new tools and methods, in order to better prevent and solve conflicts. The goal for our participants is to get:
- Good knowledge of fundamental psychological factors in relation to conflicts that pertains to use and abuse of power, justice, safety and life quality.
- Improved self awareness of own psychological make-up, in order to better meet the conflicting parties with empathy and active listening, so to prevent and assist in conflicting situations.